Strengthening the soil

Benefits of the basement

The partly built-in construction gets a solid shape, interrupted only with technological inputs of communications and, if necessary, window and door openings (for example, when building a building on a steep slope). In such landscapes, the only right decision is the ground floor (foundation), since it is completely located in the ground on one side and its opposite part is open. Practically hermetic mounting ensures the waterproofness of the basement, high strength and durability.

Strengthening the soil

We build a monolithic cellar with our own hands

Often when building a private house, the question arises: is it necessary to build a basement monolith, if so, how to do it? You should know that the cellar in the building can give you a great view and carry a functional load. If the base is itself and the base is low, the space below the house can be used as a basement, a garage or residential floor. Therefore, people who are thinking about how to build a cellar must decide on the purpose for which the construction will be built.

Strengthening the soil

We build a cellar with our own hands

The basement is part of a building that is partially or completely buried underground. In the basement are usually equipped with communal rooms or a garage, but some projects provide a device in the basement of the bathroom, sauna or even gym with a swimming pool. For houses built on small plots or on a slope, the ground floor is simply irreplaceable - it allows you to significantly increase the usable building surface without spreading the building site.

Wall thickness of cellar and cellar - characteristics of calculation

The correct calculation of the cellar is taking into account the influence of many factors. In particular, this is the level of groundwater in the site, the type of soil, the height of the future structure, the materials used for construction, etc. We recommend that you entrust all design tasks to professionals. But for a general understanding of computational technology, you can use the information below.

Strengthening the soil

Features of the lid

Cellar room - the floor of the building, which is located under the code mark, which detects the mass of the building and must have the appropriate safety margin. In order to improve the strong properties of the building, it is necessary to strengthen the base, which will significantly increase the lifetime of the building.

Laying the base in 1 brick

Laying the base in 1 brick

How to set bricks from brick?

The basement is the transition from the foundation directly to the structure itself. Its proper construction plays a key role in the quality of the future home. For this reason, it is very important to make a competent project and clearly follow it. When building a basement, it's worth considering what kind of material you will use. Brick is the most appropriate choice because it can be placed on the basis of any material. From the article you will learn all about the characteristics of this type of masonry and how to do it yourself.

Laying the base in 1 brick

Stretch the basement brick

Most people believe that building a brick base above the base is only possible if high-tech requirements are taken into account, which is practically impossible to do with their own hands. However, such a ceiling is quite realistic. Just understand the details of this work. Let's get started!

Laying the base in 1 brick

Brick laying

Brick - one of the best building materials. He did not lose popularity for a long time. Particularly often bricks are made. It allows you to create reliable protection of residential areas due to heat loss, excessive moisture and groundwater. In addition, a rather spacious basement can be used for other purposes, for example, for arranging boiler rooms, laundries or a comfortable sitting area with billiards. How to build a red brick basement? What features should be taken into account? About this and talking.

Brick laying

Brick base - a reliable, strong and durable base for the house. But it's not easy to build it. Masonry was always hard, what the masters did. However, the life force becomes the masters of many. The blessing for "science" does not necessarily require a commander. Learn it yourself, the theory is publicly accessible, and practice and experience are time. As they said in the famous film: "Train on cats". It's worth a few times to try to set up the corner, then everything goes well, only theory has to be respected. And in fact the theory goes on.

Laying the base in 1 brick

Laying the base in 1 brick

In which cases it is possible to use a 25 cm thick brick in one stone.
Why often builders unreasonably, but strongly recommend the laying of 1.5 or 2 stones, also for one-day residential buildings.
Features of this wall.

Slip the ground slopes

Slip the ground slopes

1 Scope

In the construction of tape and columnar shallow foundations, it is possible to develop the soil manually. When building a house with a cellar or a cellar, work should be mechanized.

Slip the ground slopes

SNiP 3.02.01-87

Developed by TSNIIOMTP Gosstroy USSR (candidates for technical sciences, Yu. Yu. Kammerer, Yu. N. Myznikov, A. V. Karpov, T. E. Vlasova), VNIIOSPim. N. M. Gersevanova Gosstroy USSR (doctor of technical sciences, prof. M. I. Smorodinov, AA Arsenijev, candidates for technical sciences, L. I. Kurdenkov, B. V. Bakholdin, E. V. Svetinsky, V.Gapitsky, Yu.O. Targulyan, Yu.A. Grachev) TsNIIS Ministry of Transport and Communications development USSR (candidates for technical sciences A.S. Golovachev, I.Ye. Shkolnikov) project of hydromechanization and design office GidromekhproektMinenergo SSSR ( S. T. Roziner), VNGE VODGEO Gosstroy ZSSR (Cand. V.M. Pavilonsky with the participation of Donetsk Industrial Industrial Project and Rostov Industrial Construction Project of the USSR Gosstroy, the project Hydroproject named after. SY Beetle iGidrospetsproekta USSR Ministry Soyuzvzryvproma and Fundamentproject VNIIGSMinmontazhspetsstroya USSR Transvzryvproma, Soyuzdornii Mintransstroy USSR Soyuzgiprovodhoda and Mosgiprovodhoza Minvodkhoz, NIIpromstroya iKrasnoyarskogo PromstroyNIIproekt Minuralsibstroya USSR Lenmorniiproekt iSoyuzmorniiproekta Minmorflot USSR State Construction NIISP NIISK and SSR NIIMosstroyaMosgorispolkoma.

Appendix 1

Instructions for the construction of land in residential and civil construction by Glavmosstroy were developed by the laboratory of foundations and foundations NIIMosstroy (Ph.D., V. V. Trushkovym) and TsNIIOMTP with doctor A. AS Menzurenko participation Mosstroylicense (Dr. I. Stolyarov, Dr. Feldman ).

Lines of caves

Geological and hydrogeological investigations must first be carried out. If groundwater, floating soil or cave with a depth of more than 5 meters, a specific project is required in accordance with certain specific conditions.

Slip the ground slopes

1.1. These rules and regulations apply to the production and acceptance of terrestrial surfaces, the construction of foundations and foundations for the construction of new ones, the renewal and expansion of existing businesses, buildings and facilities.

Repair of adjacent soft roofs

Repair of adjacent soft roofs

Roof repair - options

The hinges on the roof are places where it comes in contact with other elements of the building, for example: walls, mines, smoke pipes, façade parts and others. One of the common causes of leakage is the poor installation of joints in these areas. Water that penetrates through these areas inside, destroys the coating and as a result of leakage occurs.

Repair of adjacent soft roofs

Traditional roof supports to the walls

The result is a very durable and fully sealed contact between the roof with different surfaces. This operation is more than 20 years old and works well in the range of -40 ° to + 75 °.

Repair of adjacent soft roofs

Soft roofing device

Such problem areas closed in several ways, depending on the type of roofing. In the development phase of the project, it is necessary to ensure the connection of the roof with the wall. If the wall is made of brick, it is between the brick wall of a wall projecting half of the brick, which must later cover the site of the roof joint on the wall and protect it from precipitation. Or a quarter of the brick remains in the wall so that the roof material can be brought into this recess.

Repair of adjacent soft roofs

Repair of soft roof - quality roof reconstruction in winter and summer

The average lifespan of the soft roof reaches 10-15 years, but this is if all the features of the technological process are observed. "Life" of roofing is longer, more careful and regularly maintained its surface. However, it should be noted that even with systematic care, a soft roof should occasionally be repaired, and for this there are several reasons.

Repair of adjacent soft roofs

The device and repair of soft roofs

The vast majority of industrial buildings in Soviet and post-Soviet buildings have a soft roof. Therefore, the repair of soft roofs - the actual work for builders. We recommend the production of a soft roofing device or soft roof renovation according to the PVC membrane soldering technology. But if, for various reasons, you decided to repair the roof using modern polymer bitumen roofing materials, we are happy to offer our services. We have a lot of experience with such parts, the widespread introduction of mechanization in production allows us to be very competitive on the Ukrainian market.

How to decorate the walls in the cafe

How to decorate the walls in the cafe

20 simple and effective ideas for wall decoration

If you do not want to adhere to walls that are already blurred backgrounds, and brick walls wall walls hinder you, the walls are covered with white and put some inspirational inscriptions. Collating from drawn or volumetric letters will look no less impressive.

How to decorate the walls in the cafe

65 interior ideas for a café - a step towards public visibility

Not only delicious cuisine and fresh food are the key to success with visitors, but also a pleasant atmosphere, so the unique interior of the cafe is an important task of every owner of the plant. Guests are more likely to stay where there is a threshold setting where you want to spend your evening with your family, holiday, or just sit at lunch. That's why the chosen design is the key to the heart of even the most tense gourmet.

How to decorate the walls in the cafe

Cafe design - where to start and how to do it yourself

If you are planning repairs in your home and are looking for fresh ideas for the interior, then on the "Interior" page you will find many useful information for yourself. Here are collected photos of interior spaces and for ease of navigation combined by dedicated rooms and the color of their design.

How to decorate the walls in the cafe

How to make a cozy cozy: recommendations for interior design for the owners

The color scheme for designing the cafe can be very different. The most important thing is to observe the consistency of the combination of shades. Practice has shown that natural, warm and calm tones, which create a comfortable, calm atmosphere, work best. The preferred dark or light interior should take into account not only our own settings, but also the size of the space, as we all know that bright colors visually expand the space, while the dark ones narrow down their borders.

How to decorate the walls in the cafe

Making cafes, restaurants or bar stickers - simple and delicious!

The interior of the design of a restaurant, café or bar, which visitors (and as a result - business success) determine, is no less than a good kitchen and impeccable service. Because your customers come to such places not only because of a meal, they also want to immerse themselves in the original atmosphere, which depends on the design of the room.

Installation of gas block blocking

Installation of gas block blocking

Masonry distribution of gas block or foam mud - Prices

The first phase of the installation should start with marking. The line is drawn on the ground where the bulkhead will take place. Furthermore, a ruberoid ribbon is placed next to the marking line. The adhesive mixture should be applied to the roof material and to the area of ​​the joints of the ventilated concrete walls with a wall. The first type of bricklayers should be built on the level of the building. The wall should be connected to the partition wall by means of fasteners for iron, bent at right angles, fastened with anchors, screws. The partition walls of carbonated concrete are easy to mount, but this procedure requires a special bucket of the same width as the blocks.

Installation of gas block blocking

Blocks of carbonated concrete blocks (main grade)

The work in building partitions from the blocks with their own hands actually begins with the purchase of materials and additional elements. It is necessary to buy blocks, adhesive mortars, anchors and tools. Calculate the number of blocks is very simple: find out where the side area of ​​each block is, try on the surface of the wall and buy 3-4 blocks more than it turned out.

Installation of gas block blocking

Laying partition walls from the foam blocks in Ukraine

Due to the increasing popularity of concrete concrete it is increasingly used in the construction of internal walls. The walls of concrete concrete can be thick 10 cm, 15 cm, 20 cm, density D500. This laying can be done on the ceilings and on the floor.

Installation of gas block blocking

Laying of walls and partitions from the gas block

In our time, they have become very popular concrete blocks, which are often used for masonry walls when renovating an apartment with renovation. It is lightweight, porous material with good thermal insulation properties. For the construction of walls and partitions, gas-concrete blocks with a thickness of 100-200 mm are used, in the amount of housing that is sufficient.

Installation of gas block blocking

Partitions of carbonated concrete blocks, appliances and installation technologies

The barrier is an excellent technical constructive tool that allows you to make many small spaces from one large room or even the space of space that you share on certain functional parts. Depending on the placement, there are different requirements:

Insulation of the monolithic wall from the inside

Insulation of the monolithic wall from the inside

Reply (13)

If the wall is dry and no condensation, there is a possibility with a thermal insulation plaster, a layer of at least 30 mm kit and a background. The option is not cheap, but effective.

Isolation of the monolithic walls of the house outside

Foreword. Monolithic residential buildings and buildings today are no longer rarities. The advantages of such buildings include the strength and speed of construction. However, the main drawback of reinforced concrete monolithic walls with high thermal conductivity, in order to be comfortable and warm in such a house, the quality insulation of the monolithic walls of the house must be carried out from the outside. Note how to fix the insulation on the reinforced concrete wall of foam, foam and mineral wool under the plaster and sides.

Insulation of the monolithic wall from the inside

Assistant for anyone who builds or repairs a house / apartment.

Consider the question of whether there is a difference in how to isolate the walls from the inside (with some isolation and under what schematic), or help to prevent the consequences. This part is the result of such "internal warming myths":

Internal wall insulation: when is it acceptable and how it is produced?

Hello, please, please, how best to insulate the inner walls of the apartment? I live in a monolithic 17-storey building on the 10th floor, the windows look to the north-east. The winter wall temperature is 9 degrees. The average winter temperature in the apartment is 16 degrees. After replacing the plastic windows, the walls began to form, the REU proposed insulation with the insole, but I'm afraid the walls will continue to dance. I read that there is such a Teplomett heater, is it better for them? Isolation of the external walls will not work, you need a lot of permits. Help with us.

Insulation of the monolithic wall from the inside

How to isolate a monolithic house with your own hands

Foreword. Monolithic low-rise houses and buildings today are not unusual. The advantages of monolithic buildings include the speed of construction and high strength. However, monolithic walls have a great disadvantage - high thermal conductivity, which results in heat loss and freezing of walls in winter. In this article, we will examine the main points in isolating the exterior walls of the monolithic house outside.

Shortcomings of the framework forum

Shortcomings of the framework forum

Strani

The house is a frame, a heater of 20 cm, an interior imitation bar, outside - a block of houses, a soft roof. We have lived since March 2007, so there are no comments, the only thing that will improve is sound insulation ... On the first and second floors everything is fine; on the 2nd floor there are comments on two rooms that have a common wall partition then extra soundproofed.

Frameworks (59 photos): advantages and disadvantages of the owners

He was yesterday at a construction exhibition on Kupala. I've seen the position of the office that does it. He came, spoke.
Well, of course, everything is great, no mistakes, yes, yes, we have ...
Who really faced it? What are the problems and disadvantages?
The idea is definitely not bad, but ...

Shortcomings of the framework forum

Inspections of framework houses

We reviewed more than 20 building forums, read more than 300 reviews of the owners of the framework houses, of which we selected the 13 best ones to answer the most common questions of our customers!

Features of house frames according to owners

The construction of frames and frame structures has long appeared in our regions, but it has caused only the most negative statements. Until recently, the technology was complicated by the insufficient choice of quality building materials, but today feedback from the owners and residents of the framework house is very positive, as demonstrated by various forums. But it's worth finding out how true are all the assurances and how well the framework house is. The advantages and disadvantages of technological features should also be addressed in detail.

Shortcomings of the framework forum

Do the frames are permanent or not?

Window summer houses were also produced by domestic companies in the remote USSR. Everyone remembers how they looked in those years of gardening that were tied up with these insensitive buildings. In addition to pure aesthetic features, quality is also desirable. Since then, a certain stereotype has developed in the minds of the Russians: the frame house is cheap, short-lived and low quality. Today, we will try to determine if modern technologies are able to cope with such prejudices and to evaluate all the advantages and disadvantages of the housing construction framework.

Remodeling the roof of a residential building

Remodeling the roof of a residential building

Remodeling the roof of a residential building: tips and tricks

Practically, all tenants on the upper floors in residential buildings have occasionally quite an unpleasant problem - the need to repair the roof. In the houses of the old building it is not only a question of eliminating leakage, but also a breakdown of the roof. And if it is clear in the private sector who is responsible for this, then in the case of a residential building, it is a task with many strangers, from technical issues to financial ones.

Remodeling the roof of a residential building

Repairs to the roof of a dwelling house - where to go and what to do?

Almost all residents of the upper floors of residential buildings occasionally face such an unpleasant problem as the need to repair the roof. However, most of them do not know what to do and how best to take action in cases of reduced roof performance and where to turn to help, so that the roof of a residential building can be repaired as soon as possible.

Remodeling the roof of a residential building

Prices for roof repair housing

Masters "Elkostroy" offer professional repair of roofs of residential buildings at a reasonable price. We use durable roofing materials. For photos of examples of our work, please see the pages of elkodom.ru. Guarantee for our work - 3 years. To find out the prices for repair of any roof of a dwelling or private house, call 8 (499) 322-22-67.

Remodeling the roof of a residential building

Remodeling the roof of a residential building in Ukraine

It is no secret to anyone that the last floors in the multi-apartment buildings have a common problem and this is a requirement for occasional roof repair. Therefore, companies involved in the installation of roofs as well as utilities are still very important in their estimates, in particular repair of the roof of a residential building.

Remodeling the roof of a residential building

The possibility of repairing the roof in a dwelling house

The residents of any dwelling house pay user accounts, some of which are used to maintain the house and its roof in appropriate conditions. In such a repair, employees in an organization that accepts payments must participate, although you may often encounter inactivity. As a rule, residents collect funds and turn to experts who perform such work.

The design of the entrance to the private house

The design of the entrance to the private house

Private house inputs: projects, materials, photos

There is an opinion that the facade of the house and its porch can tell a lot about the owner. There is no need to go inside, just look at the porches and the building outside to tell about the taste of the owner, the ability to bring a hole into your building. What are the types of porch? What do you need to know to make it right? What materials will you need to build a porch? In the article you will find answers to this and many other questions. Be sure to include photographs that will help you visually reflect on the options that will satisfy your eyes in your backyard.

The design of the entrance to the private house

Practical and creative decoration of the porch of a private house

The first thing that strikes us when we look at the facade of a private house is its three or at least the front door. The way in which the main entrance to the building is assembled is the whole impression of the exterior of the entire dwelling. As a rule, in the construction of the porch, we use the same construction and finishing materials as in the entire building.

The design of the entrance to the private house

Types of input groups in a private house: photo

In construction, the term "input group" appeared relatively recently. The input group is considered as different models and decorative elements, which make up the composition that forms the main entrance to the house. The entrance group is the first thing that guests can appreciate upon entering the house.

The design of the entrance to the private house

The design of the entrance to the private house

During the publication of new contributions, the authors of the website pay great attention to the concept of projects and their philosophical work, which radically differentiates the project Arhimed danes from similar sources. Architecture and design are multifaceted disciplines that you can not write unilaterally, especially from a technical page. Therefore, in the articles, you can find different aphorisms, comparative elements, and properly derived comparisons.

The design of the entrance to the private house

Photogallery of design solutions for arranging private home entry groups

It must ensure compliance with certain requirements of the architectural plan of the entire facade, be comfortable for the inhabitants of the house and at least minimal protection against external environmental factors: rain, snow, wind and other.