A solution to repair concrete steps

A solution to repair concrete steps

Construction and repairs

Concrete - material, of course, durable, but also can not withstand all possible loads: the edges can easily break out, or the look is considerably worse, many cracks and scratches occur. In this case, you need to correct the concrete steps. In our article, we will try to find out how this can be done.

A solution to repair concrete steps

Different degrees of damage

Concrete stairs - great purchase for a small cottage and a big house. With relatively inexpensive consumables, they are fireproof, silent (as opposed to oblique wood) and durable. However, due to its long-term use, even such a staircase is destroyed, the steps are deformed and abrasion. Injuries can not only look ugly, but they can also pose a health hazard. Therefore, in the event of injuries, it is necessary to repair or restore it as soon as possible.

A solution to repair concrete steps

Comments

Reinforced concrete steps today are very widely used in buildings of various types. Their use can significantly reduce the time of construction and assembly work. In addition, concrete steps are characterized by high durability and reliability. We can manage them for many years - for the entire life of the building. However, it should be taken into account that the stairs work quite intensely. Therefore, on the surface of the concrete, many errors can occur - cracks, tires, shells, etc. This can occur due to natural aging of materials, mechanical damage, exposure to chemicals and for many other reasons.

A solution to repair concrete steps

Functions remedied concrete steps

Repairs to concrete steps may be required in different cases. Despite the power of this heavy-duty material, damage can also occur. Concrete steps are not protected against scratches, cracks and chips. In the event of significant damage to the stairs, the overall appearance of the stairs is considerably worse, and the repairs are simply necessary.

A solution to repair concrete steps

Brick merger

Monolithic concrete steps are very vulnerable, especially on the edges, so it is not surprising that concrete steps need to be regularly corrected. However, it is likely that it will be necessary to repair some parts of the brick built around the garden, or at least seal the seams with a new solution.

The frame house is poor

Typical weaknesses of framework houses

It is therefore crucial to take into account all the nuances of technology. The skeleton scheme is calculated on the basis of the understanding of the load, the calculation of the elasticity and other technical properties of the material used, and for stability and durability, the highest accuracy is required when connecting each part. When placing, for example, brick construction, it is becoming more and more simple, since the brick has a more primitive structure. In this regard, the technology of building wooden houses is even clearer.

The frame house is poor

Framework house - strengths and weaknesses

The construction house is today the fastest growing technology for building construction, especially for private developers. This is due to the many advantages of lightweight, prefabricated houses, while the development of building technologies of monolithic buildings has gradually been exhausted. The development of the frame technology continues today and attracts more and more fans.

The frame house is poor

Advantages and disadvantages of framework houses

Such technologies have been actively used in the West for the construction of civil engineering for over a century. They have become relatively popular in our country recently. Naturally, similar technologies have been known in our country recently, but it was difficult to assume that the domestic methods of frame construction in the confluence are technological and functional during the Soviet era. In people of similar construction they received the name of the houses "zasypny". It is the use of slag, sawdust or a mixture of them as a heater in such frame structures.

What are the weaknesses of the framework houses?

Save the will and operation of the house - for heating. The walls are almost entirely made of insulation and therefore have excellent thermal insulation. This will be a plus in the summer heat: the same layer of insulation prevents the heat from entering the house.

The frame house is poor

To draw attention to the shortcomings of monolithic frameworks (and advantages, if any).

This is a big mistake, since in fact the modern prefabricated house is comfortable, durable and beautiful. Today there are technologies that enable you to build a cheap and well-designed house of wood materials in a very short time - from a few months to a few days. We are talking about the technologies of panel frames.

Installation of metal structures of Moscow

Installation of metal structures of Moscow

Costs of assembly of metal structures

When working with metal structures, it is common to associate labor costs with their volume, measured by the weight of the embedded frame elements. When planning the installation of steel structures, the experts calculate the labor cost per ton:

Installation of metal structures of Moscow

Installation of metal constructions in Moscow

LLC "Cascade" offers a range of services that include the design, manufacture and assembly of metal structures for various purposes. Qualified staff of specialists enables quick assembly by ensuring high reliability and safety of the construction. The cost of assembling structural steel structures (price per 1 tonne) is stated in our price list. Includes services of used construction and lifting equipment.

Installation of metal structures of Moscow

Installation of metal structures

Installation of metal structures is a complex and responsible activity that requires consistent compliance with safety standards.
The danger and responsibility of the installation process has led to virtually no one carrying out this type of work with its own resources. Specialized companies for the installation of metal structures are involved in this. This is explained by the specific requirements for staff and their equipment in production, as well as the need to use specialized equipment - lifts, heavy load cranes and lighting, compressors, generators, welding equipment, etc.

Installation of metal structures of Moscow

Installation of metal structures

Installation of metal structures is carried out in accordance with the requirements of clippings and drawings KMD. Drawings KMD (metal structures, details) are made on the basis of work drawings. Supervision and quality control of the installation of technological steel structures is carried out by highly qualified engineers.

Installation of metal structures of Moscow

Production and assembly of steel structures

The layout of metal structures occupies an important place in the construction industry, as the construction of prefabricated buildings within the framework of the import substitution program was given an additional incentive. The time of delivery of metal constructions determines the time of installation, precision of design and calculations - the intensity and cost-effectiveness of the construction. Therefore, quality, efficiency and price are the main competitive advantages of BITEX.

Designing a wooden house within a photo

Designing a wooden house within a photo

Interior of the wooden house - 30 beautiful pictures and photographs

The wooden house gives its happy inhabitants warmth, harmony of nature and a healthy atmosphere. But in addition, it is important to create an interior in accordance with your wishes and current trends. Especially for you in this article we have collected 30 photographs with examples of the interior of a wooden house in different styles and sizes. Luxury alpine huts, small Russian huts and much more!

Designing a wooden house within a photo

Wooden house: interior interior and 60+ inspiring design

Another elegant exotic is the composition of black ebony. This natural material has such a density that only large circular saws can be burned.

Interior of a wooden house from a bar in the interior: photography and description of stylistic decisions

Wooden beam is a natural material traditionally used to decorate houses for centuries. This interior design creates a certain atmosphere, unlike others. If you decide to create the original interior interior of the wooden house from the inside bar: photographic examples and tips of the article will help you choose the right stylistic direction and choose the appropriate elements of the decoration.

Designing a wooden house within a photo

Designing a house from a bar. 26 internal photos

The house from the bar can be independent and multi-storey. But for all wooden buildings, there are some common features of planning decisions. On the first floors of such buildings, designers always set up a living room with a dining room. The kitchen can occupy a separate room, but it must necessarily be near the dining room. On the upper floors of wooden houses, as a rule, there are bedrooms and recreation areas. If the project provides an attic, then you get an extra space where you can organize your home theater, kindergarten, office, relaxation room and even dance floor.

Designing a wooden house within a photo

The interior of the wooden house under the "old" and other elegant solutions

Inside the wooden houses feel special comfort and harmony. Rooms with a wooden lining will always look better and without additional design pleasures. Strong conifers are suitable for building such houses. The noble material also has a good insulating property and creates a pleasant soft microclimate in the room.

Price of asphalting c

Asphalting road

Every day we go by car, we are sure of the fragility of the road surface. One and the same thought often sounds to me in the head: "As always, only 3 months passed, and just recently there were memories of the newly laid asphalt canvas." Why is this happening all the time, ask? And we'll answer.

Price of asphalting per m² - price list 2018

In this part of our site, we offer you to familiarize yourself with the prices of asphalt, asphalting of roads and landscaping, laying of roads in St. Petersburg and the region and costs of laying and repairing asphalt concrete pressure. The exact cost of asphalting is calculated individually in each individual case and depends on the composition of the work done, the scope of the contract and the location of the facility. We provide an accurate calculation of the asphalting cost of the required area per m2 (square meter) after the inspection of the facility and the performance of work in the approved period after the conclusion of the contract. We will be happy to participate!

Price of asphalting c

Asphalting of the territory in St. Petersburg

Asphalt pavement is a coating of sand, crushed stone, mineral dust and a bitumen component that binds all of the above ingredients. Asphalt as the most reliable coating has long passed the test of time, weather and temperature conditions. Now roads are asphalted in almost all countries of the world

Price of asphalting c

Asphalting

Attika has all the necessary equipment for paving in St. Petersburg so that all work, even complex and complex, is carried out as quickly as possible without loss of quality. All works are carried out in accordance with the technical design documentation, as well as within the specific building codes and regulations. Only materials that have quality certificates are used in this process. Many factors are taken into account in determining the price. For the preparation of asphalting assessments in St. Petersburg - the professional list (the service is free of charge), which makes the assessment.

Price of asphalting c

Prices: paving and refinement

Asphalting costs and improvements apply to 2018. Keep in mind that prices are approximate and the exact price is calculated individually for each individual item.

How to set laminate diagonally

How to set laminate diagonally

Layout of the laminate diagonally: technology and nuances of diagonal installation

Most qualified craftsmen have decided that all installation work will select laminate flooring as the floor for their living space. Well, great! However, there is one big "but" in that: the unprofessional approach does not take into account the individuality of each particular room. We offer you to understand the nuances.

How to set laminate diagonally

Nians when laying laminates diagonal - specific installation

Laying of the laminate diagonally, as well as other methods of installation, requires the preparation of the base. It is necessary to level the soil, remove rubbish, sawdust, small stones. For leveling it is recommended to use special self-leveling blends that are easy to use and offer a perfectly flat surface. It will not be redundant if you want to sweep the floor, and then just start to strengthen it with the aid of a powder. Then the surface is covered with a cellophane on which the bases or cork are laid.

How to set laminate diagonally

How to set laminate diagonally

The laminate has a rather attractive look, and the diagonal installation method makes its external perception more sophisticated, transforms the space, increases the visual space. This is the advantage of a diagonal styling, which allows visual "enlargement" of small or narrow spaces.

How to set laminate diagonally

Laying of laminates diagonally: calculation of materials and technological characteristics

Before laying the laminate it is necessary to remove diagonally any possible irregularities and overflows of the cement screed. To do this, you can use a grinder or, in extreme cases, a chisel and a hammer. Deep cracks must be stretched (enlarged) and sealed with cement mortar.

How to set laminate diagonally

testLaminate - types, features, laying methods.

Such a technical and constructive solution as laying laminate diagonally undoubtedly diversified look of the room. Using a diagonal method of laying laminate will not only be a pleasant appearance, sometimes such a technique is simply necessary. If the space does not have the correct geometry of the walls, this will be a good choice. The usual roofing method in this case will show that the opposite walls are not parallel to each other. And laying on the diagonal hides these errors.

Responsibilities of sanpina caregiver

Responsibilities of sanpina caregiver

Description of the workplace of the teacher of the kindergarten

The responsibilities of the teacher are prescribed in the job description. There is a standard form in which standard general provisions, official tasks, abilities are given, but the head of the preschool institution can make minor adjustments to the document, just like the teacher himself.

Responsibilities of sanpina caregiver

SanPiN for kindergarten

1.4. These sanitary rules are mandatory for all citizens whose activities are related to the planning, construction, reconstruction, operation of pre-school educational institutions, which are engaged in educational activities, as well as pre-school educational institutions that provide development services for children.

Responsibilities of sanpina caregiver

New SanPiN for kindergartens with changes

Every parent knows that comfort is needed for his or her child, which will ensure a kindergarten in which the child spends a lot of time. In order to make the child comfortable, it is essential that the sanitary standards are taken into account in the room. SanPiN is a special document that contains important rules and regulations relating to lighting, cleanliness and heat.

Responsibilities of sanpina caregiver

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3. A youth educator must know:
- laws and other legal regulations governing educational activities;
- Convention on the Rights of the Child;
- the basics of pedagogy, psychology, age physiology, hygiene, pre-medical health care, theories and methods of educational work;
- methods of persuasion, justification of their position, contact with pupils of different ages, their parents (the persons who replace them);
- rules for the protection of pupils' life and health, childcare;
- sanitary and hygienic standards for the maintenance of premises, equipment, inventory, rules of the internal working regulation of the educational institution;
- rules on the protection of workers and fire safety.

Responsibilities of sanpina caregiver

School officials

1.1. This job description was developed on the basis of a decision of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation of 26 August 2010, no. 761n "on the approval of a single qualification manual for managers, experts and employees, section" Qualification characteristics of teachers ".

How to make 3d floor

How to make 3d floor

DIY self-leveling 3D floor in 6 steps: review of technological works

Literally twenty years ago, the only way that unusual floor plans decor is to use the chintz method. In this case, the fabric is simply laid on the floor and filled with varnish - it turned out to be beautiful and unusual. Over time, so elegant soils, like linoleum and laminate, have fully extended the "precious ideas of the Sabbath", and the opportunity to create something exclusive has long been forgotten. But modern manufacturers have replaced the idea, but only with their proven building materials and other equipment.

Self-leveling 3D floors: secrets and technology

Modern repairs are impossible without proper soil design. And the desire to make design solutions for home improvement or office is unimaginable without careful attention to this part of the space. Today's building technologies and materials enable us to make not only a reliable and functional floor, but also original, attractive and corresponds to the general style of the space. We offer you a small guide to how to build 3D level floors.

How to make 3d floor

Self-leveling floor: how to make a bathroom 3d alone

Modern 3d self-leveling floors gradually replace classical tiles from the inside of the bathroom. I agree that the floor with the effect of a three-dimensional image looks much more fun than a standard light blue tile. Now, the latest technology allows you to floor bathroom in the form of sandy beach or seabed, and pebbles and shells will look as realistic as possible.

How to make 3d floor

Self-leveling 3D floors make themselves

Many owners of private homes are reluctant to create 3D floors, how to do them independently, virtually all homes or homeowners are interested. The video in this case will be a great assistant to understand how self-leveling floors can be handled with their own hands.

How to make 3d floor

3d bathroom flooring (44 photos): relax your imagination!

If you need to fix the bathroom and you can not select the flooring floor in this room, pay attention to the technology of polymeric self-leveling floors. Particularly good will look into the floor 3d in the bathroom.

How to install external tiles

How to install external tiles

What is the best way to make outer corners when laying tiles?

When laying tiles in the shower in the outer corners of the shower entrance, offered for the installation of metal corners, t. There are no linear angular elements in the collection. How good it is. Or is it better to cover the tiles with mustaches? How else can you edit the outer corner?

How to install external tiles

How to make corner tiles.

Merge two tiles on a wall in an angle without plastic, only with a seam. Usually such a stitch is placed on the invisible side of the corner. If you place the tile in the corner with no sewing, then a black gap comes up after the insertion of the glass. Repair later, only silicone. And well, if the color of silicone and injection matches. What happens rarely.

How to install external tiles

Lesson 26. How do the tiles fit into the outer corner of the bathroom?

We continue to talk about the secrets and wisdom of tiles, but today you will get to know another interesting topic. It's a question of how to keep the correct tiles in the outer corner of the bathroom. In most cases, the bathroom rooms have a rectangular shape that has no exterior corners, so there is no such problem at all. But on the other hand, for those who create a combined bathroom or equip a niche to hide the water pipes in it, the configuration of the room can be different, in which case you must be prepared for what you need to do to turn to the outer corners.

How to install external tiles

testMaterials and technology of repair.

Problem with tile work - reduction of angles. Both inner corners and exterior. I must say that the outer corners are much harder to cut and beautifully arranged. What's the problem with working with the corners? Note that to maintain the level when moving from one aircraft to another complexity. And just like the boundary of the two planes. Therefore, problems arise in such a situation that they do not mislead.

How to install external tiles

How to put tiles and tiles in corners

The greatest difficulty in finishing tile work is the formation of joints.

Despite the apparent regularity of the geometry of the space, there are no ideal smooth surfaces. For this reason, it is necessary to choose the best option for the angular interface of the tile, which can be presented:

How to Calculate the Basics for a House

Baseline calculation method

Building the foundation is one of the most important and most important stages in building a structure - this should be understood by each individual developer. When developing a home-based project, a specialized company falls on the shoulders of experts (a controversial statement) that is responsible for all design calculations, including the correct calculation of the foundation. However, such services are not always satisfied with their availability and quality; it needs to be re-checked to prevent unnecessary costs when purchasing building materials. In this article, we will try to describe in detail the process of calculating the foundation. More information is recommended for searching in the relevant building codes and joint ventures.

How to Calculate the Basics for a House

The effect of the soil on the foundation depth

In most cases, which paves the foundation under the house, the developer does not think about calculating the depth of his bedding, the surface of the substrate, and so on. As a rule, we lay the foundations like all, and the entire calculation is displayed on the advice of neighbors in this area and the phrases: "They say, they stand ... Where is it?".

How to Calculate the Basics for a House

How to calculate the burden on the foundations of a private house?

Knowing the size of the house is easy to calculate the area of ​​its base and calculate the foundation. Upload 1 cm. the soil must not exceed the critical resistance value. The value of the calculated resistance is determined by the type of soil:

How to Calculate the Basics for a House

Calculation of parameters and materials for base strips

If you need to calculate the construction of a small house without a cellar, you need to use a shallow base that will cut costs by almost three times. This position applies to pressure soils, if the soil restoration complex and warming up of the basement are to be carried out.

The foundation of the house. Calculate the tape foundation for the house

This article is intended for the developer who helps him to make a basic calculation of the tape base for the house, if there is no chance to make a calculation of the foundations of the house by the experts. The calculation does not claim that it is 100% reliable, but it allows you to understand the basic principles of how to calculate the foundations of the house. We will tell you how to calculate the volume (volume) of the foundations, calculate the load on the basis, and determine the geometric dimensions of the foundation.